Internet of Things – Towards a Smarter Planet – Part one

Internet of Things – Towards a Smarter Planet – Part one
Many different stakeholders are involved in active IoT projects on the ground, including industry members, universities, NGOs, and tech start-ups, each contributing different strengths. The IoT is not just a story for industrialized economies or industrial applications, but is equally relevant for developing countries. The IoT and connected sensors are driving improvements to human wellbeing in healthcare, water, agriculture, natural resource management, resiliency to climate change and energy (as reflected in the UN’s post-2015 sustainable development agenda).
Defining the Internet of Things
After having been coined as a term in 1999 by Kevin Ashton, and after more than a decade of discussion and anticipation, the Internet of Things is finally emerging. This is a major development, which promises to change our way of doing things through better information in real-time and improved learning opportunities.
As early as 2005, the ITU noted that the development of the Internet of Things as a function of our hyper connected world encompassed a set of technological advances from different fields — specifically, wireless and mobile connectivity, nanotechnology, radio-frequency identification (RFID) and smart sensor technologies. Advances in these technologies, when combined, could help realize a miniaturized, embedded, automated Internet of connected devices communicating regularly and relatively effortlessly.
Today, governments, businesses, and consumers are using the IoT and Big Data to introduce new business models, to improve the delivery of services, to increase efficiency in production, and to enhance wellbeing and human welfare. As with many other technologies, vendors, implementers, operators, policy-makers and regulators aim to maximize the benefits of deployment while minimizing potential risks to security and privacy.
Widely Disparate Definitions of the IoT Exist
The ITU has defined the IoT as “a global infrastructure for the information society, enabling advanced services by interconnecting (physical and virtual) things based on existing and evolving interoperable information and communication technologies”. The IoT clearly includes M2M (referring specifically to communication directly between devices, used in a vast array of applications and for a variety of purposes4), but broader definitions of IoT technologies also include ambient intelligence and smart environments.
The IoT is perhaps best understood as a set of related technologies that can be used together to achieve exciting ends, and it can be defined in terms of its contributing technologies, including the use of sensors,RFID chips, nanotechnologies and identification systems (chips, cards, SIMs), among others. Overall, IoT and various related technical developments (including convergence, cloud services, data analytics and the proliferation of sensors) are resulting in:
Greater monitoring and measurement of humans, machines and things.
A shift from human-to-human communications to M2M, something-to-everything, and everything to- everything communications.
Greater and more rapid awareness of information about status, function, and environment
In conclusion, Internet of Things (IoT)is shaping human life with greater connectivity and ultimate functionality, and all this is happening through ubiquitous networking to the internet. This will make life easy, comfortable and more efficient with the help of mobility and cloud. The Internet of Things (IoT) will merge the physical world and the virtual world to create a highly personalized and often predictive connected experience.

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