Principles Of Substation Design and Construction – 12 PDUs

 

COURSE DURATION

5 days

COURSE OVERVIEW

Learn step-by-step the design and construction process of the substation, from initial site review and selection to substation start-up and commissioning. Real-world examples and in-class exercises will further enhance your understanding of this subject and prepare you for on-the-job challenges.
Whether you’re working on a substation design project yourself or with a project manager, this course will give you the tools and skills to successfully complete a design from start to finish.

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The trainees will acquire in-depth knowledge and understanding of:
The project scope document and what it should contain
• Foundation, structure, and ground grid design
• Writing equipment specifications
• Substation layout and bus design
• Protective relaying and control basics
• Schematics and wiring diagrams
• Site and structure drawings
• Function and ratings of major substation equipment
• Auxiliary equipment and systems
• Substation automation and integration

TARGET AUDIENCE

• Substation design engineers and technicians
• Industrial, utility, or plant engineers
• Transmission line design engineers and technicians
• Project managers
• Construction supervisors
• Managers of design engineering departments

COURSE OUTLINE

Substation Types and Purposes

• Fundamentals of power system operation
• Objectives of substation design

Overview of the Substation Design and Construction Process

• Establishing the need for substation facilities
• The project scope document: What it is and what it should contain
• Site selection and environmental issues
• Engineering design: Equipment specifications and drawings
• Construction
• Testing, start-up, and commissioning

Initial Steps in the Design Process: Setting the Bounds for the Overall Project

• Reviewing and understanding the project scope document
• Information to gather before the first site visit
• What to look for on the initial site visit
• Determining site adequacy for initial and future requirements
• Environmental, zoning, and public perception issues
• Construction and construction outage requirements: Access for construction and O&M equipment
• Ordering material/delivery date issues

Site Selection and Design

• General requirements
• Environmental and permitting issues
• Site preparation
• Drainage and erosion protection
• Surface materials
• Roads and access

Permitting and Environmental Issues

• Acquiring necessary permits
• Zoning and ordinance restrictions
• Long-term site impacts
• Impacts during construction: runoff/stream pollution

Foundation Design

• The site visit and what to look for
• Understanding soil test reports
• Slab on grade design example

Bus Designs for Reliability

• Bus configurations and 1-line diagrams
• Forced and planned outage performance
• Cost-reliability comparisons

Substation Layout: Converting 1-line Diagrams to Physical Layouts

• Substation components and required code clearances
• BIL, insulation coordination, and surge arresters
• Future expansion
• Access for O&M
• Design exercise

Grounding and Ground Grid Design

• Purpose of grounding
• Field-testing ground grid resistance and soil resistivity
• Materials and installation

Substation Structures

• Choice of structure for substation designs
• Specifying a structure

Major Substation Equipment

• Circuit breakers
• High-voltage and low-voltage switches
• Design exercise

Secondary Substation Equipment

• Surge arresters

Auxiliary Equipment and Systems

• AC/DC station power and control system supplies
• Design exercise

Protective Relaying and Control

• System protection objectives and philosophies
• Protective relaying schemes for major substation equipment
• Typical relay types and applications

Expansion and Upgrade of Existing Substations

• Feasibility and limitations
• Commissioning and Start-U

Methodology

Instructor-led classroom session

Training Costs

  • The training fee per person/individual is KES 122,500.00
  • The fee quoted includes VAT.
  • The costs caters for the provision of an ideal venue to conduct the training (boardroom/classroom for theoretical training and practical training) as well as meals and refreshments for trainees for the duration of the training.
  • The cost caters for the provision of professional training, student manuals a CPD certified certificates from EBK.
  • Viscar shall provide a training venue at any location (Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Eldoret, Nakuru) at no additional fee.

The minimum number of delegates for each class is seven (7).

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