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Principles Of Substation Design and Construction – 30 PDUs



5 days


Learn step-by-step the design and construction process of the substation, from initial site review and selection to substation start-up and commissioning. Real-world examples and in-class exercises will further enhance your understanding of this subject and prepare you for on-the-job challenges.
Whether you’re working on a substation design project yourself or with a project manager, this course will give you the tools and skills to successfully complete a design from start to finish.


The trainees will acquire in-depth knowledge and understanding of:
The project scope document and what it should contain
• Foundation, structure, and ground grid design
• Writing equipment specifications
• Substation layout and bus design
• Protective relaying and control basics
• Schematics and wiring diagrams
• Site and structure drawings
• Function and ratings of major substation equipment
• Auxiliary equipment and systems
• Substation automation and integration


• Substation design engineers and technicians
• Industrial, utility, or plant engineers
• Transmission line design engineers and technicians
• Project managers
• Construction supervisors
• Managers of design engineering departments


Substation Types and Purposes

• Fundamentals of power system operation
• Objectives of substation design

Overview of the Substation Design and Construction Process

• Establishing the need for substation facilities
• The project scope document: What it is and what it should contain
• Site selection and environmental issues
• Engineering design: Equipment specifications and drawings
• Construction
• Testing, start-up, and commissioning

Initial Steps in the Design Process: Setting the Bounds for the Overall Project

• Reviewing and understanding the project scope document
• Information to gather before the first site visit
• What to look for on the initial site visit
• Determining site adequacy for initial and future requirements
• Environmental, zoning, and public perception issues
• Construction and construction outage requirements: Access for construction and O&M equipment
• Ordering material/delivery date issues

Site Selection and Design

• General requirements
• Environmental and permitting issues
• Site preparation
• Drainage and erosion protection
• Surface materials
• Roads and access

Permitting and Environmental Issues

• Acquiring necessary permits
• Zoning and ordinance restrictions
• Long-term site impacts
• Impacts during construction: runoff/stream pollution

Foundation Design

• The site visit and what to look for
• Understanding soil test reports
• Slab on grade design example

Bus Designs for Reliability

• Bus configurations and 1-line diagrams
• Forced and planned outage performance
• Cost-reliability comparisons

Substation Layout: Converting 1-line Diagrams to Physical Layouts

• Substation components and required code clearances
• BIL, insulation coordination, and surge arresters
• Future expansion
• Access for O&M
• Design exercise

Grounding and Ground Grid Design

• Purpose of grounding
• Field-testing ground grid resistance and soil resistivity
• Materials and installation

Substation Structures

• Choice of structure for substation designs
• Specifying a structure

Major Substation Equipment

• Circuit breakers
• High-voltage and low-voltage switches
• Design exercise

Secondary Substation Equipment

• Surge arresters

Auxiliary Equipment and Systems

• AC/DC station power and control system supplies
• Design exercise

Protective Relaying and Control

• System protection objectives and philosophies
• Protective relaying schemes for major substation equipment
• Typical relay types and applications

Expansion and Upgrade of Existing Substations

• Feasibility and limitations
• Commissioning and Start-U


Instructor-led classroom session

Training Costs

  • The training fee per person/individual is KES 122,500.00
  • The fee quoted includes VAT.
  • The costs caters for the provision of an ideal venue to conduct the training (boardroom/classroom for theoretical training and practical training) as well as meals and refreshments for trainees for the duration of the training.
  • The cost caters for the provision of professional training, student manuals a CPD certified certificates from EBK.
  • Viscar shall provide a training venue at any location (Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Eldoret, Nakuru) at no additional fee.

The minimum number of delegates for each class is seven (7).

  Apply Now

  Download EBK CPD Course Calendar

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